Meaning and Sentence Structure
"People are probably not as aware of sentence structure as they are of sounds and words, because sentence structure is abstract in a way that sounds and words are not . . . At the same time, sentence structure is a central aspect of every sentence . . . We can appreciate the importance of sentence structure by looking at examples within a single language.
For instance, in English, the same set of words can convey different meanings if they are arranged in different ways. Consider the following:
• The senators objected to the plans proposed by the generals.
• The senators proposed the plans objected to by the generals.
The meaning of [first] the sentence is quite different from that of [the second], even though the only difference is the position of the words objected to and proposed. Although both sentences contain exactly the same words, the words are structurally related to each other differently; it is those differences in structure that account for the difference in meaning."
Fernández, Eva M. and Cairns, Helen Smith. "Fundamentals of Psycholinguistics." Wiley-Blackwell, 2011